How is a SUP board made and what are its main features?

Have you seen dozens of people paddling in the waters of the sea and lakes this summer and have you decided that you too want to become a supper? Then the time has come to choose the most suitable SUP board and find out how to start practicing this fantastic sport!

As we said in previous articles, Stand Up Paddle is a sport that is spreading wildly all over the world and that, in addition to being suitable for people of all ages and who do not need a great physical preparation, it is a simple and fun way to keep fit and to have fun, visiting beautiful places on board your table.
The same equipment needed to practice SUP is light and space-saving, but we have already talked about this in the Stand Up Paddle article: everything you need to know to get started. Today we want to examine the most important tool for practicing SUP, or the SUP board.
On the market there are different brands and models, but in general the SUP boards are divided into rigid SUP boards and inflatable SUP boards. Let’s take a closer look at how a SUP Board is made up.

How a SUP Board or Stand Up Paddling Board is made

The SUP board consists of 5 main parts which, specifically, are called Deck, Bottom, Rail, Nose and Tail. Let’s see the main ones together:

  • The DECK is the upper part of the board, that is the part of the board where the supper stands and paddles to move in the waters.
  • The BOTTOM, on the other hand, is the lower part of the table, that is, the one in direct contact with the water.
  • In the bottom of the board, in the back, there are fins (FINS).
    The fins are essential for paddling, therefore to help the supper to give direction to the board, to maintain balance and to maneuver it in the right way.
  • In this regard, the rear part is called the stern, or TAIL.
  • The front part, however, is the bow, also called NOSE.
  • The RAIL or edge is nothing but the part around the table, what demarcates it.
parti e caratteristiche tavola da SUP

These are the various parts that make up a SUP board and that it is important to know, especially if you intend to take courses in which the instructors will speak in technical language.
Now let’s better see the various types of SUP boards.

Types of SUP Boards: the main categories

There are several boards on the market: as we have already mentioned, the main difference is between hard (aka rigid) and inflatable boards, but, if we want to be more specific, there are characteristics that distinguish one board from the other based on the use that is wants to do.
In general, the boards differ fundamentally in length, width and thickness: the smaller boards are more agile, but less stable, while the larger ones are more stable, but less suitable for surfing and for fast movements.
The volume, i.e. the weight of the board, is also important when we decide to buy a SUP board: boards with a higher volume will clearly float better than those with a lower volume.

Tavola da SUP windsurfing

Once you have learned how to stay on the table and move on the edge of the water, it will be possible to dedicate yourself to a particular specialty of SUP, each of which requires a special table.

SUP Touring boards

The touring boards are designed and built to allow the supper to make long excursions on stretches of flat water, such as large lakes or calm seas, perhaps going to visit the coves close to the cliff or even go inside the sea caves, what often difficult to do on board a ship or boat. Touring boards usually have a pointed bow and, to ensure stability, are wider than the others, as well as longer. Precisely because of their great stability, these types of boards are often chosen by beginners, to approach this sport and optimize balance.

AllRound SUP boards

The All-round SUP boards are the most generic, designed to paddle in all types of conditions.
Suitable for beginners, they are wide enough to ensure good stability and smoothness.
Thanks to the longitudinal curve they are equipped with, also called rocker, the SUP AllRound boards allow good surfing performance.

SUP Surfboards

These types of boards are usually shorter than the others and both the nose and the tail are narrower. As in the All-around SUP board, even on SUP Surf boards the rocker is more accentuated, making them more agile when surfing, but also slower and less stable when they are in flat water.

SUP Windsurfing boards

SUP Windsurfing boards are usually very similar in shape and size to AllRound boards; the main difference lies in the fact that the former are equipped with a special base for the mast foot, which allows you to mount the sail for windsurfing.

Do you want to buy a professional SUP board?

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